1. TMUX commands

1.1. Installation

$ sudo apt-get install tmux

1.2. .tmux.conf


First, create a file ‘.tmux.conf’ in the ‘home’ folder. Here, The command ‘ctrl-b’ is replaced with ‘crtl-a’ along with some other changes.

# ~/.tmux.conf

# unbind default prefix and set it to ctrl-a
unbind C-b
set -g prefix C-a
bind C-a send-prefix

# make delay shorter
set -sg escape-time 0

#### key bindings ####

# reload config file
bind r source-file ~/.tmux.conf \; display ".tmux.conf reloaded!"

# quickly open a new window
bind N new-window

# synchronize all panes in a window
bind y setw synchronize-panes

# pane movement shortcuts (same as vim)
bind h select-pane -L
bind j select-pane -D
bind k select-pane -U
bind l select-pane -R

# enable mouse support for switching panes/windows
set -g mouse-utf8 on
set -g mouse on

#### copy mode : vim ####

# set vi mode for copy mode
setw -g mode-keys vi

# copy mode using 'Esc'
unbind [
bind Escape copy-mode

# start selection with 'space' and copy using 'y'
bind -t vi-copy 'y' copy-selection

# paste using 'p'
unbind p
bind p paste-buffer

1.3. Basic


Below commands can be used in terminal for various ‘tmux’ operations e.g. start and stop etc.,

$ tmux
Command Description
tmux start tmux
tmux new -s <name> start tmux with <name>
tmux ls shows the list of sessions
tmux a # attach the detached-session
tmux a -t <name> attach the detached-session to <name>
tmux kill-session –t <name> kill the session <name>
tmux kill-server kill the tmux server


Press ‘ctrl-a’ and then type the commands from the below tables,

1.4. Help

Command Description
? show the list of commands

1.5. Reload

Command Description
r reload .tmux.conf file

1.6. Sessions

Command Description
s list sessions
$ rename sessions
d detach session

1.7. Windows


ctrl-d can be used to close the window or panes without using ctrl-a.

Command Description
w list windows and select one
, rename window
c or N create new window
n go to next window
p go to previous window
f find window
& kill window
0-9 go to window 0-9

1.8. Panes (split windows)

Command Description
% vertical split
‘’ horizontal split
x kill pane
o go to next pane
h, j, k, l go to next pane in vim-style
z toggle full-screen mode for current pane
arrow keys resize the pane
q show pane-numbers

1.9. Commands

Command Description
: go to command mode

Next, type the commands as below,

Command Description
list-keys shows all the commands
list-panes shows the names of all panes
resize-pane -D 20 resize down
resize-pane -U 20 resize up
resize-pane -L 20 resize left
resize-pane -R 20 resize right
swap-pane -s 3 -t 1 swap pane ‘1’ with pane ‘3’

1.10. Copy mode

‘Vim’ mode is set in the .tmux.conf file and ‘Esc’ is used to enter into the ‘copy mode’,

Command Description
Esc go to copy mode


Next use following commands without using ‘ctrl-a’.

Command Description
q quit mode
j, k, l, h down, up, right left
J or K scroll down or up
F or B go to next or previous page
$ go to end of line
0 go to beginning of line
w or b go to next or previous word
/ or ? search forward or backward
n search next (use after above commands)
space start selection
Esc clear selection
y copy section


Use below command with ‘ctrl-a’ for paste-operation.

Command Description
p paste selection